Deoderant and anti-perspirant stains: roll-ons vs sticks
This article discusses deodorant and antiperspirant stains, how to remove them and how to prevent them.
It's sad to see a great looking shirt become a work shirt because of the noticeable deodorant or antiperspirant stain in the underarm. Likewise, it can be incredibly frustrating when you're rushing to get out the front door in the morning and discover white deodorant streaks across the bottom of the chic black blouse you've just pulled on. What causes these stains, and how can you get rid of them?
The skin of the underarm is home to millions of bacteria, and when these combine with perspiration, an unpleasant odor can result. Deodorants and antiperspirants are designed to protect against this odor. These products are available in a variety of forms, including roll-ons, sticks, gels, creams and sprays. Deodorants work to prevent odor by covering it up, while antiperspirants prevent both odor and wetness, often through the use of aluminum to block or dry up the sweat. Unfortunately, the chemicals in these products can react with the fabric in clothing, causing discoloration and stains.
Fortunately, there are a number of ways recommended for eliminating deodorant and antiperspirant stains. It is best to begin removal soon after noticing the stain because the longer the stain goes without treatment, the harder it will be to remove. Remember to test the garment for colorfastness in an inconspicuous area before using any of the following methods.
1. Soak the stained clothing in a solution of water and oxygen cleaner. These cleaners come in the form of powder, which when combined with warm or hot water releases oxygen that targets the stains. Follow the directions on the package for the amount of powder to use for stain removal. Rinse and launder as usual. 2. If the stain has caused a color change in the fabric, try sponging the damaged area with ammonia. Mix the ammonia with an equal amount of water when applying it to wool or silk. Rinse well and launder as usual. 3. Another method for stain removal is to lightly rub the stained area with white vinegar and rinse and launder as usual. 4. A quick fix for fresh white marks transferred to a garment you've just put on is to rub the area with a clean, dry towel. This sometimes works to minimize the appearance of the stains.
As the saying goes, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, and you can save yourself the work of removing stains by using the following tips. 1. The best way to prevent clothing stains is to wait until your deodorant or antiperspirant has completely dried before putting on your clothing. 2. Refrain from using too much deodorant or antiperspirant. 3. Look for an anti-stain formula deodorant or antiperspirant. These are available as roll-ons and sticks, as well as other forms. A perk of clear solids or gels is that they don't leave white residue on clothes. 4. Another option is to use underarm guards. These are pads that attach to the garment, preventing perspiration or deodorant from damaging the fabric.
With a little determination and know-how, you can succeed in rescuing your clothing from the junk pile and prolonging its beauty and useful life.
Since a rug can be an expensive or long-term investment, you should choose a rug that can be maintained easily, so that its original beauty lasts for years of enjoyment. This is our guide to choosing low-maintenance carpets and keeping your area rug looking beautiful, new and clean for years after your original purchase.
Regular vacuuming is most important for rug maintenance. Area rugs receive a lot of abuse from everyday dust and dirt accumulation. Sand and dirt grind down the pile of rugs and abrade their foundations. It is best to remove this sand, dirt and grime before it makes its way into the base of the rug, where it will be more difficult to remove. Surface soiling is best lifted by slowly pushing the vacuum a few feet with the nap of the carpet and then slowly reversing direction. In higher traffic or particularly soiled areas of the rug this process may need repetition to be fully effective.
Using a good vacuum with strong airflow and adjustable rotating brushes will remove the greatest volume of particles from the rug. The vacuum should have a good filtration system that will prevent dust from recirculating into the air.
Cut Pile rugs are generally well constructed and durable. A vacuum with a rotating beater bar to agitate the area rug pile and strong suction to remove loose particles is well tolerated by these types of rugs. Without a beater bar, you may only remove surface dirt, but leave embedded soil that can damage rugs through abrasion.
Looped texture rugs should be vacuumed regularly with suction, but can avoid damage by steering clear of vacuums with beater bars.
How Often is 'Regular'? : High traffic areas of rugs should be vacuumed daily, or at least every other day. The entire rug should be vacuumed at least twice weekly.
Some Vacuuming tips: - Keep the vacuum's brushes clean and replace them when they wear down. The beater bar should vibrate the rug, but not cause the vacuum's motor too slow. Raise the beater bar above the rug to just barely skim the fibers of the rug, otherwise pilling may occur. - It is best to vacuum in the same direction as the pile. - Be careful of fringes when vacuuming; don't let the vacuum pull them, lest they actually be ripped off over time. - Make sure that the beater bar actually rotates when it is in contact with the rug; a worn belt in the vacuum may cause the bar to slow down and stop rotating. Belts should be inspected frequently to be certain they are working properly. - Make sure that the vacuum bag isn't too full. When the bag is over half full the vacuum's efficiency is reduced. - Always make sure that the vacuum's hoses and attachments are free of airflow obstructions. - Vacuum across both directions of the traffic pattern to prevent matting.
Occasional Maintenance Practices
In addition to vacuuming there are a few other steps that should be considered to keep your rug looking it's best.
Every so often it is a good idea to flip your rug and pat it down to shake loose dirt particles that have worked their way into the carpet's loops. Sweeping or vacuuming the back of the rug once a year is the most effective way to dislodge worn in particles.
Airing your rug by taking it out of doors occasionally and laying it flat on the ground, especially on damp, foggy days, will help to keep dry burlap backing supple and flexible. Though the efficacy of this method is debated, some people even suggest placing rugs face down in fresh, powdery snow and then gently brushing it off. This technique is also intended to restore moisture to brittle rug backings.
Rotating the rug will prevent foot traffic from wearing the rug pile unevenly. The rug should be rotated once every six months if the carpet is in a high traffic room. In addition, heavy furniture like pianos and sofas should be moved occasionally, even if only slightly, to prevent excessive pile crushing. Floor protectors can be used under legs of tables, chairs and other furniture to help distribute weight. Spraying pile crushed by heavy furniture with a little bit of water and then brushing it with a soft brush can restore the pile's height.
It is preferable to keep your area rug safe from exposure to direct sunlight that could cause the colors to fade. Do not expose the rug to sunlight on a regular basis. Too much sunlight causes the colors to fade which in turn creates unevenness in the colors of the rug. Silk is especially vulnerable to sunlight. Using drapes or blinds to shade the rug during hours of direct daylight and occasionally rotating the rug will help to preserve a rug's color and keep it even.
Some Rug Maintenance Myths - Myth 1: You should shake or beat your rug to remove dirt. Shaking or beating your rug is actually more destructive than beneficial. The shaking strains the rug's backing, and with an old rug this can be disastrous to the integrity of the rug foundation. - Myth 2: You should air your rug by hanging it outside. Hanging a rug over a clothesline or hanging it on a wall can also cause stress to the rug's foundation and shape. It is best to keep the rug lying flat and simply turn it and rotate it occasionally, even when airing the rug outside.
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